www.latimes.com/world/mexico.../la-fg-colombia-coca-herbicide-20150511-story.ht...May 11, 2015 - ... of aerial spraying of weed killer on coca crops but that other tools will ... U.S. would not abandon efforts to curb Colombian production of the leaf, ... No final peace deal has been signed, but rebels have agreed to end their ...
https://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/.../spraying-crops-eradicating-people New coca crops planted in more remote areas after the spraying can explain ... is cut to plant coca, which is then sprayed, leading to more forest being cut. ..... and the herbicide found that a number of other factors led to the death or injury, ...
www.motherjones.com/environment/2000/05/drug-control-or-biowarfare/May 3, 2000 - But along with killing coca plants, the toxic fungus may pose serious ... May that US-funded spraying of the herbicide glyphosate (marketed as ...
https://www.huffingtonpost.com/.../coca-cola-has-always-had-a-connection-to-the-coc...Sep 1, 2016 - Beginning in the early 1900s, Coca-Cola partnered with a company called MaywoodChemical Works based in Maywood, New Jersey (now the Stepan ... In the 1960s, Coca-Cola, working with its partner, the Stepan .
When news broke yesterday about the discovery of $56 million worth of cocaine at a Coca-Cola plant in France, the press was all abuzz. But as it turns out, this Cocaine-Cola connection is not entirely new; Coca-Cola has been intimately linked to domestic manufacture of cocaine in the United States for years.
A little glimpse into Coke’s history reveals all.
Yes, most people know that Coca-Cola’s first president Asa Candler became concerned about cocaine in the early 1900s and decided to remove any trace of the drug in the company’s famous drink, but few people know that Coke continued to use what is called “decocainized coca leaf extract” in its signature beverage. In company ledgers, this―mixed with kola nut powder― is what is known as Merchandise #5, one of the “secret ingredients.”
Here’s how the process works. Beginning in the early 1900s, Coca-Cola partnered with a company called Maywood Chemical Works based in Maywood, New Jersey (now the Stepan Company) to import coca leaves (which contain small quantities of the alkaloid found in purified cocaine powder) from Peru for Coca-Cola. The company removed the cocaine alkaloid from these leaves and then sold Coca-Cola the leftover extract. As per the cocaine, Maywood sold it under close federal supervision for approved medical uses.
Federal law sanctioned this practice. Legislators wrote a special exemption into the Harrison Narcotics Act of 1914, the Jones-Miller Act of 1922, and subsequent counternarcotics legislation that allowed “decocainized coca leaves or preparations therefrom” to be sold in the United States. Some lawmakers called this clause the “Coca-Cola joker” because it was clearly designed to protect Coke’s secretive coca business.
Over time, Coke’s demand for coca leaves grew so great that legislation had to be passed to allow leaves to come into the country beyond what was needed for the manufacture of cocaine for medicinal purposes. These laws specified that alkaloids extracted from these coca leaves had to be destroyed with federal officials bearing witness.
All was well for Coke for many years under this arrangement, but in the 1960s, the company got a crazy idea: why not grow coca leaves secretly in the United States? That way the company would have a domestic source of supply.
It may sound outlandish, but that’s exactly what happened. In the 1960s, Coca-Cola, working with its partner, the Stepan Company, gained federal approval to begin a secret coca cultivation operation in Hawaii called the “Alakea” project. University of Hawaii scientists agreed to participate in the project but were prohibited from publishing any reports about their work because Coke did not want the public to know about its relationship to these coca leaves. ........................