Apr 24, 2013 - Israeli weapons used in the repression of Brazil's poor black youth ... the urgent need to end the military agreements linking Brazil and Israel.
stopthewall.org/.../brazilian_military_ties_with_israel.pdfThe current military relations between Brazil and Israel imply a violation of the ... whereby Israel uses Brazil to produce weapons – or partake in the production of.
Stop the Wall
https://electronicintifada.net/.../brazil-cancels-2-bil...May 12, 2015 - At the end of 2014, in response to a separate campaign, the Brazilianstate of Rio Grande do Sul canceled a contract with the Israeli weapons ...
The Electronic Intifada
sputniknews.com/latam/20160113/.../brazil-israel-ambassador.htmlJan 13, 2016 - Relations between Israel and Brazil have remained strained since August when ... 'Weapons Better Than Stuxnet': NSA Spies Get Hacked.
www.wri-irg.org › ... › Especuladores de la guerraWith over sixty years of experience in repressing the Palestinian people and expelling them from their lands, Israel markets proudly its weapons for war and '
https://bdsmovement.net/.../links-kill-international-military-cooperation-i...Oct 27, 2015 - Exports of weapons and military equipment to Israel are used to further its ... in particular to India, UK, South Korea, Brazil and Colombia.
https://www.thenation.com/.../exporting-gaza-arming-brazils-...Jun 30, 2014 - The role that Israel is playing in arming Brazil's World Cup securities has ... Israel, at two different multibillion-dollar weapons and electronics ...
fusion.net/story/187490/brazil-drone-laad-conference/Aug 24, 2015 - ... new generation of Brazilian surveillance drones using Israelitechnology. ... an international reputation as an exporter of quality weapons and ...
Brazil’s military relations with Israel
Index 1. Summary and Recommendations p. 2 2. Brazil’s support of the Israeli arms industry p. 5 3. Overview of the interests of Israeli arms producers in Brazil p. 8 4. Contradicting the economic, legal and political framework of Brazil p. 20 Annex 1: Elbit and IAI: Complicit in Israeli human rights violations p. 26 The Palestinian Grassroots Anti Apartheid Wall Campaign March 2011 STOP THE WALL CAMPAIGN الفلسطینیة الشعبیة الحملة جدار الفصل العنصري لمقاومة 2 1. Summary and Recommendations
This report details the active support of the Brazilian state for the Israeli arms industry as well as the Israeli interests in and profits from Brazil’s military and defense industry. It finally confronts these realities with the framework of economic, legal and political interests and obligations of Brazil. Based on 2005 - 2010 Israeli arms export data, the SIPRI has concluded that Brazil is the fifth largest importer of Israeli arms. 1 Several major programs signed between Israel and Brazil are already worth close to one billion US$ . 2 Brazil’s support to Israeli arms industry: Brazil signed a security cooperation agreement with Israel at the end of November 2010 to facilitate military cooperation and contracts. The Brazilian Armed Forces opened an office in Tel Aviv in 2003. Brazil regularly receives from Israel and sends Israel political and state sponsored economic delegations with the aim of strengthening military ties. Brazil’s LAAD Defense Expo annually hosts the most important Israeli arms companies. (Next exposition: April 2011, Rio de Janeiro.) Brazilian officials are on record to have helped Israeli arms companies to enter in contact with armed forces in other Latin American countries. Interests of Israeli arms producers in Brazil: This report does not cover all interest of Israeli arms producers but merely aims to showcase some examples. Elbit Systems: provides weapons that the Israeli military uses for the killing of civilians and “extrajudicial killings.” It further provides equipment to the Apartheid Wall and the settlements. has bought three Brazilian arms companies: AEL, Ares Aeroespecial e Defesa SA ("Ares") and Periscopio Equipamentos Optronicos SA ("Periscopio"). has numerous contracts with the Brazilian military, including for the prestigious Guarani project. hopes to gain further contracts for the Olympics and the World Cup in Brazil. Israeli Aircraft Industries (IAI): provides weapons that the Israeli military uses for the killing of civilians and “extrajudicial killings.” It further provides equipment to the Apartheid Wall and the settlements. 1 http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/html/export_values.php 2 http://defense-update.com/wp/20110321_brazil_defense_cooperation.html 3 has formed a joint venture called EAE with Synergy Group. IAI’s subsidiary Bedek uses TAP M&E Brazil maintenance and production centers in Rio de Janeiro and Porto Alegre airports. has numerous contracts with the Brazilian military and currently aims to win other contracts with Embraer. Israeli Military Industries (IMI): is – just as many other Israeli arms companies – deeply involved in corruption cases and bribery of public officials has given Taurus the license to produce its Tavor rifles in Brazil. The Brazilian army buys the Taurus produced Tavor rifles. Others: Numerous other Israeli arms and homeland security companies have gotten contracts in Brazil and with the Brazilian ministry of Defense. The Israeli military industry points at billions of dollars of contracts in preparation of the 2014 World Cup games and the 2016 Olympic Games in Brazil. Contradicting Brazil’s legal and political framework: Legal obligations: Brazil, as a signatory of the most relevant instruments of international law, has an obligation of non-recognition and non-assistance to violations of international law. The current military relations between Brazil and Israel imply a violation of the duties of third states regarding violations of international law: o Brazil facilitates economic benefits for companies that directly contravene the IV Geneva Convention, thereby assisting in the maintenance of an unlawful situation. o Brazil hosts representatives of companies that directly contravene the IV Geneva Convention and in some cases persons accused of war crimes. o Brazil facilitates the presence of companies that directly contravene the IV Geneva Convention on its own territory, entering thereby in direct or indirect complicity with violations of international law. o Brazil facilitates relations between its own economy and citizens and companies directly involved in violations of the IV Geneva convention. Export is the lifeline for the Israeli arms industry – up to 70% of Israeli arms are produced for export. Without the Israeli arms industry Israel would not be able to maintain the occupation or to continue to lead wars, such as those against Lebanon in 2006 and against Gaza in 2008/9, both of them strongly condemned by Brazil. Brazil’s political interests: Brazil has recognized the Palestinian state in the borders of 1967. Israeli arms industry is consciously profiting from on the ongoing occupation of the OPT as it develops its weapons thanks to the “experience” gathered in the occupation. The support for the Israeli arms industry therefore contradicts clearly the stated support of the Brazilian government for the creation of a Palestinian state in the 1967 borders. 4 The Arab world is potentially a major export destination for Brazilian weapons. A circle whereby Israel uses Brazil to produce weapons – or partake in the production of weapons – that should be sold to the Arab world will likely raise serious concern in the populations and some governments. Strengthening ties with Israeli arms producers and private security military companies (PSMC) sets a poor precedent in terms of accountability, considering Israel’s support of repressive regimes and role in profiting and fostering from instability in the 60s, 70s and 80s. Secondly, military ties with Israel leaves elements in place which could support or form oppressive, and at the most extreme anti-government activity, in a given country. Finally, even if military ties pose no threat to a country’s stability, support of the Israeli military industry casts doubt on a government’s commitment to human rights. Recommendations: Given the above, we urge the Brazilian state to stop all military relations with Israel, and in particular to: Not ratify, and to cancel, the security cooperation agreement with Israel. Close down the offices of the Brazilian Armed Forces in Israel. Modify the procurement regulations of the Brazilian army to ensure that companies violating international law are excluded from contracts. Bar companies involved in violations of international law from establishing themselves on Brazilian territory via acquisitions of companies, joint ventures or licensing. Ensure companies violating international law are excluded from the contracts for the World Cup and the Olympics as sports that awards war criminals cannot be “fair play”. Bar companies violating international law from participating in the LAAD Defense Expo. Duly prosecute Israeli suspects of war crimes and crimes against humanity when they are found in its territory. Doing business with the Israeli arms industry seriously undermines Brazil’s support of Palestinian political and human rights, as any contracts directly support the construction of settlements and the Wall, which ensure that a Palestinian state will not be established, as well as provide financial support and incentive for companies closely tied with the human rights violations carried out by the Israeli military. This ensures that colonialism and occupation remain profitable, allowing these companies to continue to profit from Israeli war crimes while casting doubt on the Brazilian government’s commitment to human rights and its alliances and interests in the wider region. It is unacceptable that Brazil hand over their taxpayers’ money to these companies, and in the end, a decision must be made between dealing with Israel or standing with the Palestinian people. 5 2. Brazil’s support of the Israeli arms industry Brazil’s arms industry is fostered by state benefits, and military contracts are concluded by the ministry of defense or other state agencies, such as the federal police. The state as a main contractor establishes a clear economic policy for the defense industry. Therefore, while we argue that a state has the duty to intervene when companies registered or operating in its territory are involved in grave violations of international law and human rights, in the case of the military relations between Brazil and Israel the case is actually one of the state directly promoting and facilitating complicity with companies involved in grave violations of international law. Brazil facilitates the relations with Israeli companies involved in grave violations of international law in numerous ways, among them: 1) Agreement on Security cooperation with Israel Brazil has recently signed an agreement on security cooperation. This was revealed by the Israeli newspaper “Ma’ariv”. According the paper, Defense Minister Ehud Barak and Chief of Security in the Defense Ministry Amir Kain signed the agreement for security cooperation between the two countries at the end of November 2010. Brazil’s intelligence affairs minister signed the agreement on the Brazilian side. The same article adds that: “A market valued at billions of dollars has opened up to the defense industries, after a first agreement of its kind was signed for cooperation between Israel and Brazil. There are already several giant deals on the table between Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), Elbit and Rafael with Brazil. […] Without the agreement, which is similar to agreements that Israel has signed with other countries, it would not be possible to carry out the deals, which are at a high level of security classification.”3 Unsurprisingly the signing of this agreement has been followed by a number of acquisitions of Brazilian companies by and contracts with Israel companies at the beginning of 2011. It is unfortunate that such a strategic agreement has been signed by Brazil without any public discussion regarding the issue. 3 http://coteret.com/2010/12/02/maariv-%E2%80%9Cexclusive%E2%80%9D-israel-and-brazil-sign-majorsecurity-cooperation-agreement/ 6 2) Israeli office of the Brazilian Armed Forces In 2003 the Brazilian Armed Forces opened an office in Tel Aviv4. No information is available regarding the purpose of this office, which might serve as a hub for economic relations as well as trainings or information exchange. 3) Political and state sponsored economic delegations Many of the arms trade agreements have been signed during or shortly after visits of state sponsored Brazilian delegations to Israeli potential partners or visits of Israeli delegations welcomed by the Brazilian political authorities and leadership. To name only two, in November 2009 the delegation accompanying Israeli president Shimon Peres included among the 40 businessmen some of the most important arms companies. This visit was followed by the trip of Defense Minister Nelson Jobim to Israel, were he met with representatives of the Israeli arms industry. 4) LAAD – Latin America Aero and Defense Expo LAAD – Defense & Security is the most important trade show for the defense and security industry in Latin America and takes place every two years, bringing together Brazilian and international companies that specialise in supplying equipment and services to all three major services of the armed forces, police, special forces and security services, as well as consultants and government agencies. The expo is sponsored by the ministry of defense, the Brazilian military and the ministry of foreign affairs and attended by the major political authorities of the country, including the president. In 2011, once again all main Israeli arms companies – the large majority with a proven track record of direct involvement in violations of international law, human rights and international humanitarian law – are invited as exhibitors. For the Israeli businesses the LAAD has been already in the past a privileged space for contracts and joint ventures in Brazil and beyond. The LAAD is therefore a state sponsored platform for Israeli companies involved in violations of international law to gain profits and to expand the net of complicity in Brazil and the region. 4 Ministry of Defense, Brazil, Evaluation of foreign policy 2003 – 2010, chapter 2.4.5. p.3 7 5) Publicity for Israel in Latin America At least in one case it has been reported that Brazilian officials have invited their Latin American counterparts to participate in a presentation of Israeli arms, therefore acting as public relations agents for the Israeli arms industry in the region. The 2009 demonstration of IAI’s Heron UAVs n.................................